Manufacture Française d‘Armes
et Cycles de Saint Etienne, St. Etienne France
Updated 1.21.2014 Click on images to see larger views
Saddle by Manufrance
"Manufrance was a very large
distributor of cycles, rifles and hunting
goods, sewing machines and a whole range of household and sporting
goods, based in St Etienne, the city known as the cycle manufacturing
centre of France and home also for the other monster company, Automoto."
"Manufrance was one of the first companies to enter the mail-order trade and
to this end published huge and very comprehensive catalogues - large tomes
- each year. They are becoming very collectable in their own right."
"However Manufrance was not just a distributor or retailer it was also a manu-
facturer on a very large scale and made its own cycles, rifles and sewing
machines along with other mechanical goods."
"Many Manufrance bikes were equipped with own-brand parts such as brakes, de
railleur gears, hubs etc made on the premises, the company being very innov
ative. One such innovation was the Retro-Direct derailleur gear whereby the
pedals were pedalled backwards. I believe this was introduced in the 1920s."
"Another innovation that became quite standard on the company's bikes was
the practice of mounting the front brake at the back of the fork crown, clearly
in an attempt to reduce play and chattering and to avoid breakages of the
brake spindle. Additionally, although not the pioneers of the lugless frame,
the company used this form of construction for a very wide range of bicycles,
including some elegant racing frames."
"The catalogues for the 50s and 60s displayed a wide range of bikes comparab
le with that of any other manufacturer, and included top-of-the-range road
racing and touring machines with Reynolds 531DB frames and equipped with
full French specifications."
"The company fell on harder times in the 70s and cut back on its manufacturing
base. I think that it was around this time that the "HIRONDELLE" name
- a wholly-owned marque was introduced. The frames were made elsewhere
but the bikes were assembled in-house. One of the delights of Paris right
through to the 1970s was the immense triangular Manufrance retail shop,
situated just adjacent to Les Halles, the huge wholesale fresh food market that
served Paris. This imposing and elegant structure was later destroyed
along with many fine old buildings in order to redevelop the area. The result
is the Beaubourg centre in which the ultra-modern Georges Pompidou Centr
e is situated. I think that the Manufrance shop was demolished at the same
"The company's problems continued right into and through the 1980s until a
young French entrepreneur and aspiring politician set his sights on the
company. This unprincipled fellow, by the name of Bernard Tapie...yes THE
BERNARD TAPIE owner of the LOOK-La Vie Claire team that sponsored Greg
Lemond and HInault in the 80s, was seen as a "turn-around expert" by the
French government who enabled him, with grants in exchange for promises,
to revive the fortunes of flagging and dying companies, thereby saving
workers from the dole queue. Unfortunately Tapie was very selective in
what he saved...and kept for himself; the remaining companies having their
assets stripped out and sold off."
"Such was the fate of Manufrance. Tapie bought out the failing company for
very little money and is famous for addressing the assembled workforce and
promising them and the company a bright new future under his stewardship.
The promises and the hopes were short-lived as Tapie stripped the company
bare and sold off its assets in very quick time. Tapie went on to honours as
a Minister in the French government under Francois Mitterand..and also
a Minister for Europe, until his corrupt practices with his Olympique Marselle
football club led him into both bankruptcy and a spell in jail. On coming
out he has refashioned himself as a poet, a singer, a film actor - not
unsurprisingly quite a good one - and now in his late 50s, as a media
celebrity, because everyone still loves a scoundrel. There is even a court
case running whereby he may not only be freed of repaying his creditors,
but may even receiving some recompense from the State."
"As for Manufrance, there is still a shop in the centre of St. Etienne, that
I visited in 2002. It had on display a range of bikes, quite good ones, but
their Columbus and Vitus tubed steel frames, equipped with long out-of-dat
e Suntour and Shimano groupsets and Mafac brakes too readily betrayed their
age - relics of the last clearance sale of the defunct factory. In the glass
cases were a lonely handful of the last of the Simplex gears.. the
ones produced just before Simplex merged to become Stratec... and then
went into bankruptcy, and disappeared forever."
Norris Lockley on the Classic rendezvous e-mail list, Jan. 2009