This page is devoted to Peugeot's classic
lugged and brazed performance bicycles. The primary emphasis is on the
Disclaimer and Sources
The information on this site is open to
revision. The more we learn about these bicycles, the less willing we are to make hard and
fast statements about them. Sources include numerous collectors on the Internet-BOB and
Cycles de Oro classic lightweights newslists, as well as numerous purveyors of vintage
bicycles including Dale Brown of cycles de ORO, Jim Cunningham of
CyclArt, and Mike Kone of
Bicycle Classics. Much of the data on Peugeots after 1978 is taken from
Chuck Schmidt's compilation of Peugeot catalogs, available through
Velo-Retro. Thanks to Sheldon Brown of
Harris Cyclery for providing the translations of the French catalogs. In addition, Frank Cogorno of Procycle,
manufacturer of current Peugeot bicycles, provided numerous catalogs for the period 1984
to 1999, as well as much valuable information. I would also like to thank Oscar Casander
for providing scans of the
1929 and 1951 catalogs, and all the individuals who have contributed information or photos
to make this web site.
Peugeot history begins in the 18th century, with
Jean Pequignot Peugeot, who built water mills. Brothers Jean-Pierre and Jean Frederic
Peugeot partnered with Jacques Maillard-Salins to open a steelworks and saw blade factory
in the Montbeliard region. Peugeot grew to be a diversified company producing kitchen
appliances, metal warehouse fixtures, hydraulic equipment, automobiles, motorcycles and,
of course, bicycles. In Beaulieu, in the Doubs their first bicycle, a penny-farthing
called "Le Grand Bi", was hand built in 1882 by Armand Peugeot.
The lion appears as Peugeot's trademark in 1858,
designed by Justin Blazer, a Montbeliard gold engraver. The lion symbolized
"durablity, suppleness and quickness of steel. The lion also stood for the speed and
aggressiveness of the Peugeot company.
In 1889, a shop was opened in Paris at 32 avenue de
la Grande Armee, known as "Les Fils de Peugeot Freres" (the Sons of the Brothers
In 1896, Armand Peugeot founded the "Societe
Anonyme des Automobiles Peugeot"
In 1910, the brothers Peugeot and Armand Peugeot
merged their companies. By 1927, the cycle portion of the company was running autonomously
from the automobile business. The two companies separated, and Cycles Peugeot was formed. (Click here for a catalog cover illustrating many years
of Peugeot catalogs.)
The vast majority of French-built Peugeots came
from the factories in Beaulieu; by 1974, Peugeot had created an "Atelier
Prestige" in that location for their finest hand-built bikes. Other Peugeots were
built in Spain, and after 1978 or so, in Canada.
The company built a racing reputation rapidly.
Between 1903 and 1983, Peugeots were ridden to victory ten times in the Tour de France, in
addition to winning championships and breaking records. Some sources have indicated that
Eugene Christophe, whose name graced vast numbers of toe clips, rode Peugeots during his
heart-breaking Tour de France attempts in 1913 and 1919. In 1955 Peugeot co-sponsors a pro
team with Dunlop. In 1963 Team Peugeot adopts the black and white checkerboard design. In
1964, Tom Simpson wins the Milan-San Remo and, in 1965, the World Road Championship. Eddy
Merckx rode for the Peugeot team from 1965-67, winning the World Road Championships in
1967. The Arc-en-Ciel (rainbow) stripes of a World Champion appears on Peugeot downtubes
shortly after Simpson's 1965 World Road Championship victory, and they remained there for
many years. Peugeot sponsorship ends in 1989.
By 1990, Peugeot had sold the North American rights
to market bicycles under the their name to the Canadian firm of ProCycle, formerly known
as CCM. Formed in 1977, ProCycle had manufactured some Peugeots as early as 1978. Under
the aegis of Cycleurope, Peugeots are still built in Romilly, France These bicycles are
not exported to the United States.
Identifying Peugeot models
We now have photos and descriptions of Peugeot
bicycles going back to 1929 (Information from the 1930's,40's and 60's is still needed).
In 1929, the P-10 was the top model in the Peugeot line. In 1951 we see the PC-10 and
PH-10. In 1955, we see the introduction of the PLX-10.
Peugeots were widely sold during the 1970's bike
boom. While they are not the focus of this site, the UO-8 and AO-8 touring bicycles were
sold in huge numbers, the former being frequently mentioned in contemporary cycling
literature as a good buy for the beginner. The most popular and best known of Peugeot's
performance bicycles was the PX-10E, one of the most affordable professional racing bikes
in the 1960's and 70's. They were sold in large quantities, especially during the years of
the OPEC oil embargo and the bike boom. These two forces on the bicycle market created
some unusual sales. There were many would-be cyclists who purchased more machine than they
really could handle, leading to many of these machines being relegated to the garage for a
quarter century. Many more of them were modified for touring with replacement wheels or
rims and wider-range cog and derailleurs. Many were simply ridden until they were horribly
beat. As a result, older Peugeots can be found in conditions ranging from near mint to
Many PX-10E owners who call up this site may be in
for a surprise. The more research we do, the more we find that many PX-10's...... aren't.
Simply among the PX-10 variants are the PX-10E, PX-10LE, PXN10LE, PX-10S, PX-10DU, PXN-10,
and even simply the PX model. Other bicycles Peugeot built with Reynolds 531 double-butted
tubing throughout include the PY-10E, the PY-10CP (also available in 753 tubing), the
PRO-10, the PY-10S, the CFX-10 (frameset only), the PZ-10D, the Chorus, the Sante, and the
late models of the Deauville. Adding to the confusion were those bikes built partially of
531 or Vitus double-butted tubing or painted in such a fashion as to closely resemble
higher-ranking bicycles. This list would include the P-10A, the PR-10L, the PKN-10 series,
and the PGN10.Finally, there were a number of internally-lugged and brazed Peugeots built
of Reynolds 501, a chrome-moly rather than moly-manganese alloy. Specifications vary
considerably, and sorting out which Peugeot is which can be difficult. Dating bikes built
between 1967 and 1978 or so is particularly interesting. During those years, the absence
of model designation markings forces one to use other data to determine whether one has a
PX-10E, a PX-10LE, a PY-10E, etc. By 1978, or thereabouts, model designations on the top
tube aid in determining the model.
Peugeots are typically marked with a serial number
on the underside of the bottom bracket. Bikes built in the 1960's have the numbers stamped
directly in the BB shell, and often have Nervex trademark and bottom bracket tube angle
markings as well.There are six digits used on bikes from the 50's and 60's and seven
digits used on bikes from the 70's. Bicycles built during the 80's have eight digits and a
letter prefix. Around 1970, Peugeot began stamping the numbers on an aluminum plate which
was riveted to the underside of the bottom bracket shell. It is unclear whether this
applied to all bicycles. Some examples have gaps in the serial numbers. The flaw to this
arrangement is the ease with which serial number plates are removed. Numerous Peugeots
originally numbered with riveted plates can now be identified only by their decal
schemes.Some examples have lower numerical serial numbers while having later decal
schemes. By the end of the 1970's, Peugeot serial numbers were once again stamped in a
more permanent fashion. Peugeots built in France during the 1980's can be dated by year
through use of their serial numbers. Following a letter prefix, typically Y or B, the
first number of the numeral code indicates the bicycle's model year (ex. PKN-10 #B
0667631, built in 1980). Track bicycles, at least, appeared to have their numbers stamped
on the left rear dropout.
Specifications and Timelines
The PX-10 went through numerous changes
during its long production life. From information gathered so far, the PX-10 model line
began in the early 1960's. The "P-10" designation dates from 1927, possibly
earlier. It seems that the "P-10, PH-10, PLX-10 and the PX-10 have always been the
designation for the top of the line racing model. In 1955 we see the first appearance of
the "X" in the model designation. In that
year, Peugeot introduced the "Serie Inox Grand Luxe" line of bicycles. The
"X" stands for "Inoxydable", which is French for stainless. This
refers to a treatment of the steel to prevent rusting, with somewhat spotty results. The
chart below is an attempt to trace when a particular specification change may have taken
place. As more individual bicycles are listed in the database, more examples will be
listed for each time period indicated. Where catalog materials are available, they are
mentioned after specific bicycles in the database. Peugeot was not always good about
dating their catalogs, and at this time a certain amount of guesswork is called for in
tracing various models. Peugeot also used photos to illustrate their catalogs that were
not necessarily of the current year. To make matters more complicated, Peugeots were
sometimes assembled with different components for different national markets. One classic
example is the 1974 catalog specifications for the PX-10E. While the catalog lists options
of either Brooks B-17 or an Ideale 90 leather saddles, no one who rode or sold these bikes
during that era remembers seeing anything but a Brooks Professional fitted to them.
Another example is a comparison of the French versus American specification charts for
1983. The French model list includes a PY-10S and a PX-10DU, neither of which is listed on
the American chart. Finally, there are observations culled from our own experience and
those of others. These are also ready to be revised. This is a work in progress, and any
additional information you can provide helps!
catalog (with translation)
Observations - Bicycles from this era have
very relaxed frame angles and a large amount of trail. This provided stability on the
unpaved roads of the time. Click on link above for a translation of the specifications.
Photos provided by Oscar Casander
catalog (with translation)
Observations - Thanks to a friend in the
Netherlands, we have catalog photos of early 1950's Peugeot bicycles. The models listed
use PC and PH as the model designation. Another interesting fact is that none of the
models list Reynolds 531 as the tube steel. The PH-10 is listed as "Modele Course
Professionnel" and uses Vitus tubing, Stronglight steel cranks and pedals, Simplex
"Competition" front derailleur, Simplex "Tour de France" rear
derailleur with a 4 cog freewheel. Colors available were "Rouge Transparent",
"Rouge Vermillion", Bleu Riviera" and "Vert Bagdad". Stay tuned
for more interesting information from Europe! Photos provided by Oscar Casander.
Observations - This example recently came up
for sale on ebay. It is a nice example of a Peugeot touring bike from approx.1955-6 . It
is likely that this is a PLX 8 model, since it has the "Inoxydable" decal. The
seat tube logo decal is the same as # 595952, with two color bands above and below the
logo. The lion on shield has a rainbow behind it with "Champion du Monde" below.
This isn't the same Arc-en-Ciel rings used to designate a World Champion, rather seven
bands of color in the order they occur in the spectrum. The 1951 and 1955 catalogs show
photos that appear to just have the lion and shield with no rainbow. Louison Bobet won the
World Championship in 1954,(not on a Peugeot) so Peugeot, being nationalistic, may have
included the rainbow and "Champion du Monde" to honor his victory. Vitus tubing
not Reynolds was used. Peugeot began using the Nervex Professional lug on the PLX-10. Only
one color was offered for the PLX-10, the familiar transparent blue with contrasting lug
Observations - PLX-10,
a predecessor to the PX-10 model line. This example uses Reynolds 531 tubing and Nervex
Professional lugs. The bottom bracket shell, however, was a Gargette. Peugeot used this
brand well into the 60's.
Visit Cycles de Oro "Classic
Rendezvous" web site for an article on a
Observations - There was yet another decal
scheme c. 1965. The cover of the Velo-Retro catalog compilation pictures Tom Simpson on a
white bicycle with black Nervex Professional lugs, the downtube decal like #256700, and seat tube decal like the
1967 bikes, three rows of black and white checkboards and no Arc-en-Ciel rings. This may
have been a decal set used only on team bikes as we have seen no examples of customer
bikes painted white this early. An article in Cycling Plus has a photo taken the
day after Simpson's death (July, 1967), showing a team Peugeot rider with a bike that has
a seat tube decal with two rows in the checkerboard, Arc-en-Ciel rings, ribbon banner and
lion logo, similar to the 67's listed below. I've recently acquired another bike with a
decal scheme that combines the downtube "Peugeot" logo from the early 60's,(see
#256700) with the seat tube decals found on #501714
John Everrett's and
Observations - The Olympic rings are used on
the seat tube of #501714 and #256700, commemorating participation or a possible victory at
the Olympic Games of 1964.The seat tube decals also feature the Arc-en-Ciel rings, a nod
to Simpson's 1965 World Professional Road Race victory.
Observations - 1967 is the first year we see
the Team Peugeot colors, (white with black head lugs and checkerboard design) used on a
bike for sale to the general public (at least so far, since no earlier examples have
Contemporary literature - While the authors
of this page have so far found no catalogs this early, both Eugene Sloane's Complete
Book of Bicycling and Richard Ballantine's Richard's Bicycle Book, both first
copyrighted this year, list almost identical specifications for the PX-10E. Mentioned are
a 72 degree parallel frame design; Nervex lugs; Simplex Prestige Luxe 537 derailleur;
Stronglight 93 crankset, 45/52T (Sloane mentions a model 63 "Super
Competition"); Atom competition freewheel, 14-16-19-20-23T; Normandy Luxe Competition
hubs w/ Simplex skewers; Mavic Montlery rims w/ Hutchinson tubular tires; Mafac
"Racer" brakes; AVA alloy bars and stem; Lyotard 45CA dural pedals; Christophe
clips and Lapize straps; Simplex seatpost; Brooks Professional saddle; available in blue
or white, 21, 23, 24 and 25 inch frames. In the 1970 edition of Eugene Sloane's Complete
Book of Bicycling, there is a photo of a PX-10E(See 1970 Catalog). This bike appears to
be a '68-69 model by the decals on the seat tube and down tube. This bike has a crankset
that is a model 63 "Super Competition"(Sometimes mis-identified as model 57)
PX-10 with black plain Nervex lugs.
Appears to have a 72 degree parallel frame.
Catalog data - (note: This catalog, though
it follows the 1974 issue in the Velo-Retro reprint, appears to be slightly earlier). The
PX-10E is listed as the "ultimate bicycle offered by Peugeot". While the image
in the catalog reprint is not clear, it appears to have plain Nervex lugs, black at the
head tube; 72 degree parallel angles. The Brooks Professional is again listed as the
PX-10E w/ Nervex
Professional lugs, black at the head tube, steeper frame angles.
Observations - This may be the last year for
the Reynolds 531 decals on the seat tubes.
Catalog data - Appears to be the date of the
introduction of the PX-10LE, which features plain Nervex lugs outlined in gold.
Distinctive equipment includes Maillard 700 high-flange hubs; Cyclo 14-15-17-19-21T
freewheel; allen-key fitted Atax stem w/ Philippe bar; Mafac "Competition"
brakes w/ half-hooded levers; and an Ideale 2001 saddle. The PX-10E is also listed.
Features included Nervex Pro lugs, black at the head tube; Brooks B-17 or Ideale 90
saddle; the same freewheel as the LE model; Mafac "Racer" brakes; Simplex
Criterium rear and Super Competition (parallelogram action) Delrin derailleurs; and
otherwise identical components to earlier bikes. Also listed was the UX-10, which was
identical to the PX-10E except for its wheels. This model came stock with 27 x 11/4
clincher rims and tires using Schraeder valves. The PR-10L, with plain Nervex lugs (black
at the head tube) and a 531 main frame, is distinguished by its unchromed rear triangle.
Stock components included the same brakes and rear derailleur, but a pushrod Simplex
Prestige front derailleur, a Stronglight 49D crankset, Normandy Sport high-flange hubs,
and other less costly parts. (Note that the 1974 catalog shows both the PX-10E and PX-10LE
models as having the rectangular Reynolds decal at the top of the down tube, rather than
near the top of the seat tube.)
Observations - At least two different decal
patterns were used during these years. The primary difference seems to be that some years
featured the Arc-en-Ciel, or championship rainbow pattern, as the trim rings on the seat
and down tubes. Other years appear to have the French tricolor only in the trim rings. See
ex. #1242766, # 2239804 for more information. The Nervex Professional lugset was still in
use during these years on some bicycles, though whether they were used on specific models
is still unclear. After this period, the Nervex lugs being used on Peugeots were uniformly
simpler, smooth-side versions. At some point, Peugeot stopped applying Reynolds tubing
decals to their fork blades. These bicycles used the same split triangle decal used on
bicycles built with lesser fork materials. Three have been reported so far to the authors
as having only rectangular tubing decals on the down tube. At least one case, the decal
was the French Reynolds 531db tubing throughout decal. A contemporary photograph supports
this. The 1975 Petersen's Complete Guide to the Bicycle pictures what is identified
as a PY-10E with this decal pattern. In cases where the Reynolds decal has decayed to the
point of illegibility, look for chromed rear stays. The Reynolds 531 main-tubes-only
frames had painted rear stays and dropouts during this era.
The October 1975
issue of Bicycling! magazine included an article by Owen Mulholland featuring
Bernard Thevenet's PY-10. Mulholland observed that French bicycles and components were
vastly underrated in the United States, a point worth making in the wake of Thevenet's
Tour de France victory that year.
Specifications listed by Mulholland include Stronglight
93 cranks; Ideale 2002 saddle; Simplex seatpost; Mafac Competition centerpull brakes with
fully hooded levers, wheel guides and barrel adjusters; Simplex Prestige Extra Leger
derailleurs (early SLJs?); and Maillard 700 pedals, low flange hubs and freewheels. The
bars, stem, rims and tires mentioned were probably not standard issue. Interestingly
enough, Mulholland refers to the PY-10 as having been "introduced several years ago
to replace the PX-10, which had fender clearances and mounts." Bicycling!
magazine's August 1978 issue included a road test article by Gary Fisher of three bikes,
among them the PY-10E.
Specifications listed include full 531 frameset with Nervex(plain)
lugs; chromed fork crown, tips and rear stays; brazed-on shift cable guides, bottle cage
mounts and brake studs. Other specs on the 23.5 inch test bike included 172.5mm
Stronglight 105 cranks, 44/53 chainrings; Maillard 700 pedals; Maillard 700 "Peugeot
Trophy" low flange hubs; Super Champion Arc-en-Ciel rims; gold anodized Simplex Super
LJ derailleurs with retrofriction down tube shifters; and Ideale 90 leather saddle with
titanium rails and a gold-anodized Simplex alloy seatpost; gold anodized Atax bar and
stem; and gold anodized Mafac Competition brakes with wheel guides, drilled levers, full
hoods, and brazed-on pivot studs.
One of our correspondents informs us that brazed-on
pivot studs, long a French custom builder's trick, were standard for the PY-10CP (Course
Professional) by 1977.
Catalog data -- The catalogs in the
Velo-Retro reprint are often undated, and the dates given are rough working dates until
more information surfaces:
-- "Super Competition" -- 531 frame, plain Nervex lugs, chromed fork ends, fork crown; low-flange Maillard 700 hubs;
Mavic Module E 700C clincher rims; Stronglight 105bis drilled crankset w/ black anodized
rings; Peugeot branded Simplex alloy derailleurs; Mafac Competition centerpull brakes w/
full hoods; Ideale 2001 saddle. Available in Pearl White and Pearl Blue.
-- "Competition" -- 531 mainframe; plain Nervex lugs; low-flange Normandy Luxe Competition hubs; Mavic Module E clincher
rims; Stronglight 49D crankset; same derailleurs as PXN10LE; Weinmann 605 sidepull brakes;
same colors as PXN10LE.
PY10CP -- listed
but not illustrated. A special order bike, the PY10CP "Prestige" was built
with 531 tubing, Stronglight 105bis
cranks with drilled and anodized chainrings, Simplex 5000 series derailleurs, and Spidel
components.(Decal notes -- Peugeot in large block letters on the down tube, no rings or
stripes; checkerboard fade on seat tube, with flanking lion-on-rock emblems.
Catalog data -- Again catalog dates are
PY10CP -- either
Reynolds 531 or 753 tubing; plain Nervex lugs, chrome fork and rear stays -- custom order; Stronglight 106 cranks w/ steel
or titanium sealed BB; Maillard 700 hubs; Super Champion alloy tubular or clincher rims;
Simplex LJ4400T or SLJ5500T rear, SJA 102 Front, SLJ5007 dt "power" shifters;
Ideale 2002 or 90CR (titanium railed) saddle; Mafac LS2 sidepull or GT centerpull brakes,
full hoods; white, blue, red, black, silver, pearl white or metallic blue.
throughout, same as PXN10E
Competition" -- fully chromed fork, painted rear stays and dropouts, 531
throughout, plain Nervex lugs;
Stronglight 106 cranks; Mafac LS2 sidepull brakes; Simplex SX410TSP rear, SJA 102 front
derailleurs w/ SLJ retrofriction shifters; Ideale 2001 saddle w/ SR Laprade seatpost;
Maillard 700 low-flange hubs, Mavic Module E 700C rims; pearl white or metallic blue.
"Competition" -- chrome fork crown and
ends, 531 main tube frame, Nervex plain lugs; Stronglight 104 cranks, Normandy Luxe
Competition low-flange hubs w/ Mavic Module E 700C rims; Weinmann 605 sidepull brakes;
Gallet no. 33 leather saddle; Simplex SX410TSP rear, SJA 102 front derailleurs w/ alloy
Simplex dt shifters; pearl white, metallic blue and black.
PFN10E -- Super Vitus 172 main tube frame, Bocama
lugs, "biconical" rear stays, chromed fork ends; Atom sport low-flange hubs,
Mavic Module E 700C rims; Stronglight 104 cranks; Simplex SX410TSP rear, SJA 102 front
derailleurs w/ alloy Simplex dt shifters; Weinmann 506 sidepulls; Gallet 31 suede saddle;
emerald green metallic blue.
French catalog, so American and other
specifications may be different.
-- Reynolds 531 5/10 frameset, optional
753, custom built w/ Nervex plain lugs, chrome fork, chrome right chainstay; low-flange Spidel
(Maillard?) 700 hubs, 32 spoke Super Champion rims; Simplex/Spidel SLJ A 552 front and
SLJ5500CP rear derailleurs w/ retrofriction brazed-on shifters; Ideale 2002 saddle, Spidel
(Mafac) LS2 sidepull brakes; Spidel (Stronglight) 106 cranks.
PY 10S -- Reynolds 531 5/10 frameset, plain Nervex
lugs; Spidel 700 low-flange hubs; 700C Super Champion rims; same derailleurs, but SLJ
levers; Spidel 106 cranks.
PX 10S -- Reynolds 531 7/10 frameset, plain Nervex
lugs; chrome fork; (Maillard) Peugeot Trophy low-flange hubs; Stronglight 106, 42/52T;
Simplex SX 419 SP rear SJA 102 front derailleurs; Weinmann 605 brakes.
PV 10 -- Reynolds
main tube frame; Nervex (plain)
lugs; chrome fork; low-flange (unnamed) hubs; Stronglight 104 crankset; same derailleurs
as PX 10 S.
PK 10 -- as above, with unnamed crankset, and Mafac
Competition brakes with drilled levers.
PKN 10 -- as above, with Michelin Elan tires and
Mavic Module E rims
-- as above, with triple crankset --
(Reynolds 531 7/10 tubing) and PX-10DU (Vitus 979 duraluminum tubing) offered.
Last year for Nervex lugs (smooth, not
Professional model), PX-10S; last catalog appearance of PX-10DU.
Last year for lugged and brazed 531C framesets in the PX-10L model;
Chevrons decal scheme.
No PX models listed. PX-10 models continued
to be listed in European catalogs.
here for 1985 Belgian catalogue
PX Columbus SLX tubing with Mavic
PX-10, same bicycle as 1986 version.
year for any bicycle catalogued under a PX model number.
Peugeot team riders, 1949
Tommy Simpson , c.1965
Eddy Merckx, c.1967
Bernard Thevenet, c. 1975